Iodine is an essential component in the animal and human organism and is absorbed through food. But iodine also occurs naturally in water. In humans, the highest concentration is found in the thyroid gland.
Function & Details
In the organism, iodine's main role is to support the production of thyroid hormones. The iodine reserve in the human body is estimated at 10 to 30 milligrams. Iodine deficiency initially leads to euthyroids goitre. It is only pronounced iodine deficiency that also leads to hypothyreosis. Since the thyroid hormones fulfil essential functions in regulating metabolism processes in almost every cell of the body, an underactive thyroid can result in serious metabolism and developmental disorders.
Iodine deficiency in drinking water and food it is usually responsible for the occurrence of goitre and with that a lack of iodine. As prevention, consuming salt-water fish once or twice a week as well as using so-called iodised salt (table salt with sodium or potassium iodate) is recommended.
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The Function section & Details of this article are based on the article iodine from the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is under the GNU-license for free documentation. In the Wikipedia, a list of authors can be found.